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September 27, 2011 @ 7:54 pm

Beyond the Fence Episode 85

Episode 85 “The Importance of Scholarship and Civic Reflection on Militarism in the Pacific” (hosted by Dr. Vivian Dames) airs 9/16/11.

In early 2009 the Guam Humanities Council embarked on a project entitled “8,000: How Will It Change Our Lives?” Community Conversations on the US Military Buildup on Guam, to examine the impact of the anticipated relocation by 2014 of military personnel and their families from Okinawa to Guam.

Over a two and a half year period, the Council convened 142 small group conversations with a wide range of Guam residents from college and GED students, the Dededo and Tamuning municipal planning councils, artists and active and retired military personnel to activists, civilian military contractors, legislative staff, community leaders and university professors in forty eight venues across the island.  The Council also hosted three large conversation events featuring three visiting Chamorro scholars/writers/artists. Using the “civic reflection” model, these community conversations explored related themes of service, leadership, community, identity, sustainability and power.

Since the project’s inception it was a priority of the Council to use Pacific literature. These selected readings were published in a collection released in August 2011 by the Guam Humanities Council, A Pacific Collection: Readings for Civic Reflection, edited by Kimberlee Kihleng and Monaeka Flores. [To obtain copies, call 671- 472-4460 or e-mail]

Program guest, Dr. Teresia Teaiwa (,nz), is one of the 11 scholars and poets whose work is featured in this Pacific collection. She was brought to Guam in August 2011 by the Guam Humanities Council to be part of the multi-faceted reading and discussion project “The Micronesian Question: Issues of Migration, Identity and Belonging on Guam.”  In this interview, Dr. Teaiwa makes a distinction between processes of militarism vs. militarization,  discusses examples of her research on militarism (including current research on women soldiers in Fiji) and underscores the importance of regional, comparative and trans-generational Pacific Islander scholarship and civic reflection on this subject.

Dr. Teaiwa is a Senior Lecturer of Pacific Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. She is a native of Banaba Island in Kiribati and was raised in Suva, Fiji.  Her research interests include gender and militarism, globalization, native Pacific cultural studies, women’s history and native feminisms, Pacific history and identity and diaspora.  Her poetry rand short prose have been published in a range of international literary journals. Her first collection of poetry, Searching for Nei Nim’anoa (1995) has been taught in courses at the University of Hawai’i and the University of South Pacific.  She has two CDs of poetry, Terensia: Amplified Poetry and Songs by Teresia Teaiwa and Sia Figel (2000) and I Can See Fiji: Poetry and Sound (2008). This interview includes Dr. Teaiwa’s reading of the poem, No One is an Island --for Georgie. .

We conclude with the reading of another poem from A Pacific Collection: Readings for Civic Reflection entitled Destiny Fulfilled? by Emelihter Kihleng  (read by Nedine Songeni, program assistant,Guam Humanities Council) ). Ms. Kihleng is a native of Pohnpei who was raised in Pohnpei, Guam and Honolulu.  She is a doctoral student at Victoria University of Wellington and Dr. Teaiwa is her doctoral supervisor. Her poems have been published in various literary and creative journals. My Urohs, her first collection of poetry was published by Kahuaomanoa Press in 2008.

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September 27, 2011 @ 7:53 pm

Beyond the Fence Episode 84

Episode 84 “Ukudu Village, Temporary Labor and Work Force Development: The Next Chapter” (hosted by Dr. Vivian Dames) 9/9/11.

As the US military realigns its defense posture in the Asia-Pacific region, there is a requirement to accommodate a large influx of off-island labor.  On September 8, 2011, Younex Enterprises Corporation held a ribbon cutting ceremony for the opening of Phase 1 of the Ukudu Workforce Housing and Training Village.  This 252 acre site in northern Guam is the single largest M1 zoned area contiguous to both Anderson Air Force Base and the Marine Base, to be constructed.  It is described as a full-service, single compound workforce housing solution designed to flexibly  accommodate, if needed, up to 18,000 workers. The fenced ‘village’ will be operated by Younex Corporation, with PAE, a Lockheed Martin Company, providing program oversight and several qualified small business firms providing support services. It will provide housing facilities, food  services, transportation, recreation activities, laundry services, security, medical services and other amenities for temporary resident workers. In one month, 200 workers from the Federated States of Micronesia and possibly American Samoa will become the first tenants. More temporary workers may arrive as a result of a $250 million contract to build a new private hospital as well as a $90 million contract for utility and site improvements for Anderson Air Force Base and Apra Harbor.  

In the first half of the program, we feature excerpts from remarks given by the following  dignitaries at the Ukudu ribbon cutting  ceremony (in order): Mr. David B. Tydingco, Senior Vice President, Younex Enterprises Corporation; Mr. Kil Koo Yoon, Chairman, Younex Enterprises Corporation; Ms. Maria Connelly, Chairperson, Center for Micronesian Empowerment and former Director, Guam Department of Labor; Mr. Carl Peterson, Civilian Aide to the Secretary of Army and former Chairperson, Armed Forces Committee, Guam Chamber of Commerce; Honorable Melissa B. Savares, Mayor of Dededo Village and Chairperson, Para Hita Todu; Honorable Judith P. Guthertz, Senator, 31st Guam Legislature and Chairperson, Committee on the Guam Military Buildup and Homeland Security; and the Honorable Edward J.B. Calvo, Governor of Guam.

While an integrated workforce housing and training solution is key to the military and Guam buildup, compliance with federal and local labor laws and regulations on both sides of the fence is also critical. Guam is the only US jurisdiction where the Governor is delegated authority to issue temporary labor certification and the local Department of Labor has H-2 visa enforcement responsibility.

In the second half, my guest is Greg S. Massey ( who has over 20 years of experience within the Department of Labor in Guam and Hawaii, specializing in casework and enforcement. Since 2006, he has served as the Administrator, Alien Labor Processing and Certification Division, Guam Department of Labor.  He reflects on the history of temporary labor on Guam and the significance of the Ukudu Village and the plan to offer regulatory simplicity via one central location.

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September 27, 2011 @ 7:52 pm

Beyond the fence Episode 83

Episode 83 “ Towards an Inclusive Guam Museum” (hosted by Dr. Vivian Dames) airs 9/2/11.

Our guest in the first half of the program is one of the keynote speakers featured at the conference “Heritage Institute Networking…Directing Natural History and Cultural Heritage in Economic Development” held August 30-31, 2011 and sponsored by the Guam Museum Foundation, Inc. and the Department of Chamorro Affairs.

Professor Amareswar Galla ( is an alumnus of Jawaharal Nehru University, New Delhi. In the past decade, he was the Professor and Director of Sustainable Heritage Development Programs, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, at the Australian National University, Canberra and was the first Professor of Museum Studies at the University of Queensland, Brisbane. From a founding trustee of the Pacific Islands Museum Association to the Editor-in-Chief of three research journals that focus on sustainable heritage development, Dr. Galla has held numerous positions throughout the world of academia and government --- all aimed at helping to preserve cultural identity and championing the rights of the indigenous people.  In the past two decades, he has given keynote addresses to academic and professional conferences in more than 50 countries.  In addition, he spends half of the year building community grounded museums with the help of his graduate students in countries with low economic indicators.

Dr. Galla discusses several critical variables associated with developing inclusive museums in small island communities and the use of the 'ecomuseum' as one possible methodology,  with references to other war impacted communities, especially HaLong Bay in Vietnam. These critical variables are:  The importance of learning to Listen, creating Civic Spaces as keys to tangible and intangible heritage resources, Viability (cultural, social, environmental as well as economic),  Inclusiveness (of spaces, stakeholders, and heritage resources), Ownership (and the importance of developing an ethical stakeholder participation framework) and Intergenerational Continuity (using social technology as a means, not an end).

This interview is followed in the second half by comments from Mr. Joseph Cameron ( President of Chamorro Affairs, and several conference participants about what each sees as a positive outcome of the conference and the next steps for Guam towards an inclusive museum.   These participants (in order) are: Anthony J. Ramirez, William Hernandez, Lt. Col Aisha Bakkar, Jose “Joe” Garrido, Fermina ‘Mina’ Sablan, Denise Mendiola Hertslett, Rosanna Barcinas, and Hope Cristobal.

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September 27, 2011 @ 7:30 pm

Beyond the Fence episode 82

In April 2011 Governor Calvo approved the bonds that will build Guam’s first permanent museum. The government can now use $55 million in HOT (Hotel Occupancy  Tax) bond proceeds on a host of cultural and tourism related infrastructure improvements, to include $27 million earmarked for the new museum building to be built by 2014.

The Guam Museum Foundation, Inc. in partnership with the Department of Chamorro Affairs is sponsoring the first museum conference August 30-31, 2011 at the Outrigger Guam Resort.  The theme of this conference is “Heritage Institute Networking…Directing Natural History and Cultural Heritage in Economic Development.” Its purpose is to discuss the status of the Guam Museum building project and to increase partnerships for trade and industry prosperity surrounding the museum. What is at stake with regard to the role of the Guam Museum in economic development and its social responsibility to our diverse community?

Our first program guest is Leona Mendiola Young ( administrator of the newly formed Guam Museum Foundation,Inc.  Ms. Young brings to this position over 15 years of experience working in non-profit organizations that began with the Guam Hotel and Restaurant Association. With her background in administration and finance, she also provided support to Governor Camacho’s museum task force from 2007-2010.

This is followed by an interview with Fanai Castro and Kayoko Kushima who recently completed a University of Guam course on “Theory, History and Practices of Museums in the Pacific.” The class curated a special collection of  Guam photos (1874-1877) by Gustav Riemer which will be on exhibit at the conference. This course was taught by Dr. Tina Delisle (, a visiting lecturer with the Asian/Pacific Islander American Studies unit of the Program in American Culture at the University of Michigan where she teaches courses on Museums and Native Pacific Women and Gender.

Ms. Castro ( is a native daughter of the Mariana Islands. She graduated with honors from Mills College in 2003 with a BA in Ethnic Studies.  She is a writer, poet, artist, and organizer whose work centers on the movement for a Nuclear-Free and Interdependent Pasifik, community education and sustainability.

Ms. Kushima ( is a 2001 graduate of the Micronesian Studies Program at the University of Guam where she completed a thesis entitled “Historiographies of Guam, Discourses of Isolation: Canonical and Alternative Historical Analyses of Guam.” Originally from Miyazaki prefecture in Japan, just  south of  Okinawa, Ms. Kushima has resided in Guam for 16 years and currently teaches Japanese at Southern High School.

September 27, 2011 @ 7:27 pm

Beyond the Fence Episode 81

Episode 81 “New Graduate Research on Guam” (hosted by Dr. Michael Bevacqua) airs 8/19/11.
The summer months are always a busy time on Guam. Those living in the diaspora return for visits, and those with family and friends elsewhere make pilgrimages of their own. The month of July in particular contains a heavy schedule of memorials and celebrations as Guam’s traumatic history of World War II is remembered.
One aspect of the summer which often goes unnoticed by many is the arrival of graduate students and academics who are conducting field work in Guam. Researchers from around the world, doing work on indigenous people, militarism and militarization and anti-base movements make their way to Guam to research, interview and experience the island.
Program guests are two doctoral students on island this summer doing fieldwork for their dissertations.  In the first half, we feature Tiara Naputi ( who is working towards a Ph.D. in Communications from the University of Texas, Austin and is conducting research on the military buildup and the role of messaging and media.  This is followed by an interview with Valerie Chan Yap ( who is working towards a Ph.D. in Asian and International Studies from the City University of Hong Kong, and is conducting research on the migration of Filipinos to Guam and how they are pushed to settle or move on by their relationship to “American” and “Guamanian” dreams.

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September 27, 2011 @ 7:25 pm

Beyond the Fence Episode 79

Episode 79  "The Liberation Experience in South Africa" (hosted by Dr. LisaLinda Natividad) airs 8/5/11.
This show discusses the liberation experience in South Africa.  Program guest is Ms. Nomvula Diamini (, Executive Director of the Community Development Resource Association (CDRA), a non-governmental association that operates as a centre for organizational innovation and development practice. The CDRA focuses on organizational forms and practices which enable co-creative approaches to social change, whose ultimate purpose is to contribute to building a society that is sustainable and civil.  Ms. Diamini has been working as a development practitioner for over 16 years providing organizational development support to civil society organizations concerned with social change/development, poverty, inequality and funding practice.  Her work has expanded beyond the borders of South Africa and extends into other parts of Africa, Europe, Sweden, and Finland. Nomvula shares her insights and experiences of living in South Africa during the time of apartheid, the revolution, and the reconciliation period. She emphasizes the importance of civil society in confronting militarism and overcoming oppression.

September 27, 2011 @ 7:22 pm

Beyond the Fence Episode 75

Public Radio Guam
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