May 18, 2011 @ 2:20 pm
Episode 66: "All Things Nuclear" (hosted by Dr. LisaLinda Natividad) airs 5/6/11.
In the first half, our program guest is Ms. Yayoi Tsuchida (email@example.com), Assistant Secretary General of The Japan Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs (Gensuikyo), which was established in September 1955. Gensuikyo has waged various kinds of campaigns such as the prevention of nuclear war, the total ban on and elimination of nuclear weapons, and support and solidarity with Hibakusha (victims of the atomic bombing). The council's founding followed the first World Conference against A & H Bombs, which was held in August of the same year in the wake of the U.S. hydrogen bomb testing in the Marshall Islands. The test, code named "Bravo", victimized many islanders and also many Japanese fishermen in the area. The Japanese were outraged for being exposed to nuclear weapons for the third time after Hiroshima and Nagasaki and felt the need to establish an organization that would take charge in mobilizing national movements against nuclear testing and nuclear weapons.
In the second half, we talk with Mr. Belhaim Sakuma (firstname.lastname@example.org) who heads the Nuclear Free Initiative of Belau Cares, Incorporated. In 1981, Palau voted for the world's first nuclear-free constitution. This constitution banned the use, storage, and disposal of nuclear, toxic chemicals, gas, and biological weapons. However, while negotiating the Compact of Free Association with the United States, the U.S. insisted on the option to operate nuclear propelled vessels and store nuclear weapons within the territory. After several referendums, the people of Palau approved the compact with the U.S. in 1994, thereby allowing for the presence of nuclear materials on their country. Recent events in Japan resulting in nuclear devastation prompted Mr. Sakuma and others in the Republic of Belau to consider an amendment to their constitution deeming their country nuclear-free. A position statement released by Belau Cares, Incorporated states,
“[UN] Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has proposed the start of negotiations for a treaty banning nuclear weapons. The member states of the NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty), including nuclear weapon states, agreed to pursue 'peace and safety of a world without nuclear weapons' in 2010. Moreover, some leaders are increasingly interested in pursuing clean, non-nuclear sources of energy (e.g., wind power), to meet their growing needs for electricity. We should support these efforts, and begin to practice energy conservation. The nuclear disaster in Japan is a warning to us all. We call on the people of Palau to revisit the nuclear-free movement and join in the noble effort of rebuilding a nuclear-free Palau to ensure the safety and future of all of us.”